Reported STD Cases Reach New High in California, Health Officials Find

  • Reported STD Cases Reach New High in California, Health Officials Find

Reported STD Cases Reach New High in California, Health Officials Find

California hit record numbers of new infections of sexually transmitted diseases in 2017, with almost 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, according to a report by the state health department and published Monday.

More than 300,000 cases of Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and early syphilis were reported: a 45 percent increase compared to five years ago, according to the state.

See the CDPH's breakdown of the data here. Gonorrhea cases saw a 16 percent increase in the same time frame but affected twice as many men than women.

Overall, the number of STD cases has been climbing in the U. S. In 2016, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported more than 2 million cases of syphilis, chlamydia or gonorrhea-the highest ever recorded, with California near the top. Syphilis can cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurologic problems.

As a result of the report, CDPH says it will collaborate with local health departments and organizations statewide to raise awareness.

Gonorrhea and chlamydia rates were highest among those below 30 years old.

Klausner pointed to the nations of Cuba, Thailand and Belarus, which have virtually eliminated syphilis cases among infants, the AP reported.

Sexually active people of the Northwest: Get tested. That's "shameful", says Dr. Jeffrey Klausner, a professor of medicine at University of California, Los Angeles.

There were 30 syphilis-related stillbirths in California in 2017, the highest since 1997.

California has reached an all-time high in sexually transmitted diseases.

Female cases of syphilis increased early 7-fold from less than 250 early-cases reported in 2012. Being diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy can also put the unborn baby at risk of having a low birth weight, being delivered early or death (stillbirth).

Testing and treatment are available for syphilis, which in adults is a bacterial infection and if left untreated can cause long-term health problems including brain disease. While it may be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, it can also be passed on from a woman to her baby during childbirth.

"STDs are preventable by consistently using condoms, and many STDs can be cured with antibiotics", said CDPH Director Dr. Karen Smith in a statement.