North Korea Has Earned $200M by Violating Sanctions, UN Report Alleges

  • North Korea Has Earned $200M by Violating Sanctions, UN Report Alleges

North Korea Has Earned $200M by Violating Sanctions, UN Report Alleges

North Korea earned $200 million past year by exporting banned commodities in breach of global sanctions, according to a United Nations report.

The report was authored by a panel of experts investigating North Korea and has been sent to a United Nations committee on North Korea.

The coal had reportedly been shipped worldwide to countries such as China, South Korea, Russia, Malaysia and Vietnam.

It pointed out "extensive use of a combination of multiple evasion tactics including indirect routes, detours, loitering, false documentation, trans-shipment through third countries" and other methods to obfuscate routes and hide the origin of North Korean coal.

North Korea "continued to export almost all the commodities prohibited in the resolutions, generating nearly $200m in revenue between January and September 2017", the report read, according to the AFP news agency which has seen a copy.

The confidential report to a U.N. Security Council sanctions committee also referenced information that the reclusive country provided ballistic missile systems to Myanmar.

It urges all countries involved to step up their monitoring of North Korea.

The report to the UN Security Council's sanctions committee states these shipments were mostly made by doctoring paperwork to show the coal came from Russian Federation or China.

Syria agreed to destroy its chemical weapons in 2013.

The 15-member council has stepped up sanctions on North Korea since 2006 in a bid to choke funding for Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, banning exports including coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, and capping imports of crude oil and refined petroleum products.

North Korea has received similar economic sanctions.

North Korean financial institutions, including banks which have been sanctions by the council, "maintain more than 30 overseas representatives who live and move freely across borders in the Middle East and Asia, where they control bank accounts, facilitate transactions and deal in bulk cash", the report said.

Two weeks ago, a Japanese spy plane spotted a North Korean tanker likely violating United Nations sanctions by engaging in an illicit ship-to-ship transfer with a Dominican flagged ship.

The report also revealed that there was evidence of military co-operation with Syria and Myanmar.

The report has been submitted to the UNSC sanctions committee.

The U.N. monitors underscored that the investigation has shown "further evidence of arms embargo and other violations, including through the transfer of items with utility in ballistic missile and chemical weapons programs".

The report said "if confirmed, it would constitute the resolution's violation".