People Worldwide Forced From Their Homes In Record Numbers In 2016

The UNHCR report added that even this number probably "underestimated the true figure".

Amnesty International says rich countries have failed in their obligation to help Uganda support thousands of refugees fleeing violence in South Sudan.

Evacuees make bread inside a refugee camp in Erbil, Iraq, for people who fled from Mosul due to fighting between Iraqi forces and Islamic State militants. Tragically, 75,000 asylum claims were received from children travelling alone or separated from their parents.

Second is displacement of people inside their own countries, whose numbers were 40.3 million at the end of 2016 compared to 40.8 million a year earlier.

- Lebanon cares for the largest number of refugees relative to its national population, with one in six people a refugee, followed by Jordan (one in 11) and Turkey (one in 28). There were another 2.8 million asylum seekers, the report said.

The U.N. Refugee Convention states that a refugee is a person who has fled their home and country because of "a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion".

The UN refugee chief voiced most alarm over the rapidly deteriorating situation which he said was now the world's "fastest growing refugee crisis and displacement crisis", and has swelled by 85 percent a year ago. The total has now reached almost 1.9 million.

Refugee children from South Sudan walk in Bidibidi resettlement camp in the Northern District of Yumbe on April 14, 2017.

Syria and South Sudan were far from the only countries where people were being uprooted en masse, with Monday's report also pointing to large-scale displacement in Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan, just to name a few.

Turkey, which has taken in the largest number of Syrians, to a total of 2.9 million at the end of 2015. Syria, Iraq, and the still very significant displacement inside Colombia were the biggest internal displacement situations, nonetheless the problem of internal displacement is a worldwide one and accounts for nearly two thirds of the global forced displacement total.

Worldwide, most refugees - 84 per cent - were in low- or middle-income countries as of end 2016, with one in every three (4.9 million people) being hosted by the least developed countries. Significant numbers of refugees in Uganda also came from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (205,400), Burundi (41,000), Somalia (30,700), and Rwanda (15,200).

He noted that the United States was the largest donor to refugee programs and that Washington had contributed $1.5 billion to UNHCR previous year. "That's the primary reason why ourselves and our partners have been trying to shift the worldwide focus towards supporting those host countries".

The UNHCR found that the number of forcibly displaced people has risen from 33.9 million in 1997 to 65.6 million in 2016.

The report defines refugees as those forced to leave their homes for other countries.