China Has Deadliest Air Pollution? Maybe Not

What's alarming is that death rate in China has become steady in past few years whereas it is increasing exponentially in India and study authors believe that soon India will become world's most air-polluted country present on the globe. Presumably a similar trend will be discernible in respect of deteriorating health parameters.

Air pollution contributed to 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide in 2015, making air pollution the fifth highest cause of death among all health risks, including smoking, diet, and high blood pressure, the report published by the Health Effects Institute has said. While early deaths related to PM2.5 in China have increased by 17.22 per cent since 1990, in India these have increased by 48 per cent.

The purveyors of official data may choose to live in denial and nitpick about the quality of the survey and the data analysis of the Health Effects Institute, but that is cold comfort for the dying.

What is more distressing is the fact that India accounts for the largest number of premature deaths due to ozone pollution. While the death toll has remained steady in China since 1990, India's count has increased 148 percent in the same time period. In fact, they only highlight one of the problems-the fact that the pollution debate is largely restricted to Delhi and a handful of other major cities. Cars are also estimated to be responsible for more than 80 percent of the carbon monoxide in China's air. However, India's environmental court may lack the power to enforce change. "What we are trying to do is work in coordination with it", said Nadda.

We've all seen pictures of Chinese cities blanketed in smog, and China's air pollution has been the world's worst for years in terms of the number of premature deaths it causes.

"[India] has got a longer way to go", HEI President Dan Greenbaum told Reuters.

The report also found that "92 percent of the world's population live in areas with unhealthy air". And although the US and Europe have made great strides in reducing people's exposure to air pollutants, 88,000 Americans and 258,000 Europeans still face increased risks of premature death from air pollutants.